Health Issues Associated With the Sun

The Sun’s Effect on People

Written by Sky Taylor, Diet Bites

The importance of knowing the power of the sun and how over-exposure could damage your health. 

The Power of the Sun

Summer is here and that translates to outdoor fun!  But before heading off to bask under the warm rays of the sun you may want to take a scroll over the following special report.  

You’ll learn some sun safety tips, how the sun affects different skin types, the importance of the heat index, what sunscreen is best for you, and what to do in the event someone becomes overexposed to the sun.  

How often we forget - even about the most-basic of knowledge when we are in the middle of fun and adventure. There is nothing like sunburn to spoil a great vacation.

We may go on an outdoor adventure supporting the prettiest skin in the village, only to arrive home looking like a piece of burnt whole grain toast.

And because skin is the largest organ in our bodies, we're going to be lodged into a pit of misery until it heals.

So read on and take the fun with you but leave the sunburn behind!

Defining the Sun’s Rays

The sun’s rays are strongest between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. You don’t need a sundial to make this determination, especially in the southern regions of the country where heat is the first AND last-born of summer.

If you're outdoor activities involve a floor of concrete or sand, these two elements will feel eons hotter than other bases amid the rays of the sun as they attract the rays like nobody's business.

Think about the last trip that you made to the beach; hot wasn't it? Sand is nothing more than ground glass - and we know how hot that glass can get when exposed to heat.

Concrete & Sand, Hottest Spots Amid Sunny Days

As to concrete, the next time you go shopping in the heat, note how the heat-waves radiate from the concrete. You can actually see them with the naked eye.

If you are taking a pet outdoors with you amid the hottest weather - even for a short time, take careful consideration and mercy on the little one's foot pads.

The pet is basically walking barefoot over the hot ground. And when that ground is constructed of sand or concrete, the pads of the foot can burn - just like a human's foot bottom.

What comprises these hot, powerful rays? UVB & UVA Defined

The term ‘UVA’ has made itself comfortable in the modern-day vocabulary. However, it’s only one of the many types of rays spent off by the sun.

* UVB rays are the burning rays.  These rays are the strongest during summer months because the sun is closer to the earth during this seasonal cycle.  UVB rays are the primary cause of sunburn and skin cancer.  They are capable of creating a suppression of the immune system.

 * UVA rays have the ability to inflict substantial damage to the skin; more pointedly, long-term damage.  They are prevalent year-round and unlike the UVB rays.  UVA rays can penetrate deep into the base layer of skin (your dermis).

These rays contribute to burning and skin cancer and like the UVB rays they can trigger a suppression of the immune system.

Power of the Sun, UV Rays, UVB Rays Effects

Whenever the UV rays attack, our skin begins to build defenses – it’s our built-in risk factor.  

The UVB rays stimulate the skin's outer layer and it begins to thicken, therefore making it more difficult for the rays to penetrate the skin surface.  The scientific term for this process is hyperkeratosis.

Sunlight also ignites the production of Melanin, the tanning pigment that protects the skin’s vulnerable lower layers from damage.  

Tanning transforms through an increased production of the protective pigment, melanin, and is the skin’s response to the damaging ultraviolet rays.

 * IR rays are invisible heat rays that affect your skin much like a heat lamp.

Some Special Tips Relating to the Rays

When you’re out and about in the heat, try to find an umbrella of shade for protection whenever possible.  It won’t protect you from heat-related emergencies but any form of shade is better than nothing.

A good gauge for shade is your faithful shadow. If it’s shorter than you are then you’ll be more apt to experience sunburn. The shadow knows.

Take measures to avoid reflective surfaces.  Some surfaces, such as white sand and concrete, can reflect up to 85% of the sun's damaging rays. You can go from plum to prune very quickly.

And it's much more appealing for your trimming body to appear smooth and firm than prune-like and wrinkled.

How the Sun's Rays Impact Our Body's Responses

Whenever the UV rays attack, our skin begins to build defenses – it’s our built-in risk factor.

The UVB rays stimulate the skin's outer layer and it begins to thicken, therefore making it more difficult for the rays to penetrate the skin surface. The scientific term for this process is hyperkeratosis.

Sunlight also ignites the production of Melanin, the tanning pigment that protects the skin’s vulnerable lower layers from damage.

Tanning transforms through an increased production of the protective pigment, melanin, and is the skin’s response to the damaging ultraviolet rays.

Simply put, while the masses enjoy looking bronzed or tanned, it's actually not a good sign in relation to good health.

The tanning result indicates that the body was subjected too long to the sun; the result of darker skin exhibits damage to skin although for centuries a body tanned by the sun has been touted as one holding bronzed beauty.

This could not be further from the truth.

IR rays are invisible heat rays that effect your skin much like a heat lamp.

Heat Wave, Heat Index, Thermal Pollution
Heat Rash & Heat Cramps

Defining Heat-Related Terms, Health Risks of Sun Exposure

There are so many terms associated with the sun; heatstroke, sunstroke, heat exhaustion and so on.  

Do all these terms mean the same?  What are the most common symptoms relating to these terms?  What are the first-aid procedures?

What is a Heat Wave?

A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessive heat and humidity. You’ll usually find heat waves in abundance in Texas, Florida and Arizona – again, in most of the southern regions of the United States.  

During this potentially dangerous time of year the National Weather Service steps up its procedures to alert the public. This will bring us to the heat index.

What is the Heat Index?

The heat index is a number in degrees Fahrenheit that tells how hot it really feels when relative humidity is added to the actual air temperature. Exposure to full sunshine can increase the heat index by 15 degrees Fahrenheit. 

What is Heat Lightning?

Heat lightning can be described as bright flashes of sheet lightning without thunder, seen near the horizon usually at twilight, and ascribed to be the reflection by high clouds of far-off lightning.

What is Heat Pollution or Thermal Pollution?

Heat pollution (thermal pollution) is heated industrial waste that causes environmental changes and contributes diverse effects on our ozone.  People experiencing respiratory ailments should use special care during ozone alert days.

What is Heat Rash?

A heat rash  (prickly heat) is a noncontiguous coetaneous eruption of red pimples with intense itching and tingling caused by inflammation around the sweat ducts.  This is one nasty rash!

What are Heat Cramps?

Heat cramps is a condition that is marked by sudden development of cramps, pains and spasms in skeletal muscles, usually involving abdominal or leg muscles.

Heat cramps usually result from working for prolonged times in high temperatures.

Heat cramps are generally accompanied by profuse perspiration with loss of sodium chloride from the body.  

The condition may occur by itself or as a symptom of heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Treatment and prevention consist of the use of salt tablets or drinking a weak salt solution.

What is Heat Exhaustion?

Heat exhaustion (heat prostration) is a condition marked by weakness, nausea, dizziness and profuse sweating resulting from physical exertion in a hot environment, sometimes culminating in collapse.  The blood flow to the skin increases, causing blood flow to decrease to vital organs, resulting in a form of mild shock.  If left untreated the condition will worsen as the body temperature continues to rise, resulting in potential heat stroke.

Symptoms & Signs of Heat Exhaustion are fatigue, faintness, dizziness, nausea, restlessness, headache and when salt loss is heavy, heat cramps in the legs, arms, back or abdomen. 

The skin is usually pale and clammy.

Breathing is fast and shallow; the pulse is rapid and weak.

Vomiting may also be present and the victim may faint. 

First-Aid Treatment for Heat Exhaustion

Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke Require Quick Action to Avoid Serious Consequences

First-Aid Treatment for Heat Exhaustion

1. Victim should lie down in a cool place.

2. Loosen or remove clothing.

3. Apply cold compresses to the warmer areas of the body: head, neck, under arms, groin.  Use cool water only.  Alcohol will contribute to further dehydration.

4. Electrolyte fluids or slightly salted water (0.25 level teaspoon of salt to a pint of cold water) should be offered to the victim.

Recovery Prospects

With rest and replacement of lost water and salt, a full recovery usually occurs.

The victim should consult a physician due to risk of heat stroke.

Heat Stroke OR Sun Stroke, Life Threatening Situations Requiring Emergency Treatment

A heat stroke (sunstroke) is a life threatening condition in which overexposure to extreme heat and a consequent breakdown of the body’s heat-regulating mechanisms cause the body to become overheated to a dangerous degree. 

In some cases body temperature may reach 107 degrees F or more.  

What Happens if Victim Doesn't Receive Treatment for Heat Stroke?

Without treatment the victim lapses into coma and death soon follows.  

Signs & Symptoms of Heat Stroke

A heat stroke is marked by cessation of sweating.

The victim may also have an extremely high body temperature.

They may experience collapse that is initiated by unaccustomed exposure to the sun in a hot climate, and rarely by a severe fever.

Heat stroke is more apt to occur in humid conditions, which reduce the body’s ability to cool itself by the evaporation of sweat.

A heat stroke may be proceeded by heat exhaustion.

Symptoms of Heat stroke may also include fatigue, weakness, faintness, profuse sweating and convulsions.  

However, with the onset of heat stroke itself, sweating diminishes markedly and often stops completely.

Skin becomes hot, dry and flushed; breathing is shallow and the pulse, rapid and weak.

Without professional treatment the victim may lose consciousness and die.

When Heat Stroke Occurs

1. Emergency medical help should be summoned.

2. Wrap victim naked in a cold, wet sheet which should be kept continually wet.  Alternatively, victim should be sponged with cold water.

3. Increase cooling by fanning the victim.

If heat stroke is treated early the victim usually recovers fully.

Symptoms of Heat Dehydration

Dehydration is a condition in which a person’s water content has fallen to a dangerously low level.  

Water accounts for approximately 60% of a man’s weight, and 50% of a woman’s, and the total water content must be kept within fairly narrow limits for healthy functioning of cells and tissues.

The concentration in the body’s fluids of mineral salts and other dissolved substances must also be kept within a narrow range. In many cases of dehydration, salt will have been lost as well as water.

Symptoms of Dehydration

Thirst, dry lips, mouth and tongue are the most common symptoms.  

The victim may experience an increase in heart rate and breathing, dizziness, confusion and eventual coma.  

The skin will appear dry and without elasticity.  

Urine will be in small quantities and dark-colored.  

If salt depletion also occurs there may be lethargy, headaches and cramps.

Treatment of Dehydration

Immediate fluid and salt replacement should be initiated.  

An intravenous replacement may be required in conjunction with blood tests that will monitor the balance of water and salt in the bloodstream.

Sunscreens, Protection From Sun

There are more sunscreen products on the market today than Bo Peep has sheep.  In general you need to use a broad-spectrum screen that protects against UVA and UVB rays with a minimum Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 15.

The higher the number, the greater the protection. Sometimes more is better.

Pay special attention to the directions on the bottle.

Most instruct that the sunscreen be applied at least fifteen to thirty minutes before going into the sun’s rays.  

In other words, even though you apply the sunscreen it won’t protect your skin until then. The sunscreen works by absorption into the dermis, protecting it like an invisible shield against the sun.

In addition, most sunscreens require reapplication throughout the day, especially if you’re swimming or sweating.  Don’t forget the tender or ‘usually forgotten’ areas such as the ears, neck and feet.  A severe burn to the back of the neck or legs makes one cranky camper.  Be sure to apply a sunblock to the lips with a SPF of 15 or greater.

Is sunscreen application necessary year-round?

Anytime of year when you plan to stay out in the sun exceeding twenty minutes sunscreen should be applied.

Consider that even on a cloudy day, 80% of the sun’s ultraviolet rays can pass through the clouds.

The sun has the most power generally from ten in the morning until four in the afternoon.

Always take care to apply sunscreen when swimming.  

The ultraviolet rays can sink three or more feet into the water and burn you as you swim.

The coolness of the water creates deceptiveness and you won’t be able to detect the damage until you exit the water.  

There are several very good waterproof sunscreens on the market.  

Remember that when go swimming your sunscreen will generally need to be reapplied several times throughout the day, generally every hour and a half, depending on the product you used.

The sun exhibits super-reflective powers; 17% on sand, 80% on snow.  So whether you’re a beach bunny or a snow bunny, reach for the screen.

The added bonus of sunscreen application includes protection against aging, skin cancer, wrinkles and freckles. 

Types of Sunscreen

How to Choose Proper Protection from the Sun's Rays

In fact, there are many types of sunscreens.  All vary in content, price, protection and purpose.  Some things to remember when making your purchase:

Look for a non-stinging sunscreen for face application or for use on children.  

PABA Sunscreens

Most sunscreens contain PABA, so if you’re sensitive to that ingredient check into the PABA-free products.  PABA, or para-aminobenzoic acid, was the original compound of the base ingredient in sunscreens and had a staining effect on apparel.

Current PABA esters include the ingredients glycerol PABA, pentyl dimethyl PABA and octyl dimethyl PABA which rarely stain clothing.  

PABA, Allergic Reactions & Sensitivity

However, some people are sensitive to PABA and its esters and may want to check into the PABA-free products containing other chemicals such as benzophenones, fainéants and usually.

Waterproof Sunscreens

If you must be out in the sun try checking out the waterproof sunscreens; this concoction works well for swimmers and ‘sweaters’.

Water Based Sunscreens for Acne

If you have acne prone or oily skin you may want to consider a water-based sunscreen.

Sunscreen Tips, Varieties

Sunscreen can be applied after makeup; there are also makeup products that contain sunscreen.  

These type products will not only protect you from sunburn but also premature aging and some will even repair damaged skin.  

Sunscreens are available in many forms and scents including ointments, creams, gels, lotions and wax sticks.  

If you’re laying on a tan, keep in mind that most tanning oils contain SPF of 2 or less.  Unfortunately, at this time there is no known ‘safe’ way to tan.  

Tanning is the skin’s response to injury, or the sun damage that occurs when the ultraviolet rays penetrate the inner layer of the skin and over time may result in aging, wrinkling and melanoma.

Expensive does not always mean better.  Buy your sunscreen based on its advertised effects against the sun.

SPF Explained

Everything in the new millennium is abbreviated, including sunscreen terminology! SPF is a shortened variation of Sun Protection Factor.  

Sunscreens are rated or classified by the strength of their SPF which generally range from 2 to 60.

Numbers Depict Potency for Blocking Ultraviolet Rays

These numbers represent the product’s ability to block out the damaging ultraviolet rays.  The greater the number, the greater the protection factor.  

So, you’ve got the numbers, but how does the product work to block?

For an example, let’s say we purchase the sunscreen product with the 30 SPF rating.

What do the SPF Numbers Mean?

This means that if it normally takes a fair-skinned person 10 minutes to turn red under the sun, if they apply the 30 SPF sunscreen they’ll be able to undermine the power of the sun 30 times longer.

In short, 10 minutes multiplied by 30 equals 300 minutes.  

A sunscreen of 15 SPF or greater is strongly recommended by dermatologists for all skin types.

SPF protection does not actually increase proportionately with a specific SPF number.  A certain percentage of the ultraviolet rays are absorbed.  In addition, the SPF on the product reflects the screening ability for UVB, not UVA.  

The FDA does not have an approved rating system for identifying UVA protection.  However, a standardized test-system is being worked upon that will measure UVA protection.

Are Sunscreen & Sunblocks the Same?

Both work to protect you against the damaging rays of the sun in different ways.  Sunscreen chemically absorbs the rays; sunblock physically deflects the rays.

Climate, Surfaces, Medications Effected by the Sun’s Rays

Climate & the Effect of the Sun

Switch to a sunscreen with a higher SPF during hotter months.

Tropical climates are affected by a more intense heat due to being closer to the equator.

Intensity in the sun’s rays is also markedly increased in higher elevations where the atmosphere is thinner.

Earth Surfaces & the Effect & Impact of the Sun

Sand, water, snow, pavement – these surfaces all act as reflectors to the sun’s rays and intensify exposure.  

Next time you visit the beach in the summertime note how hot you get when you’re on the beach or concrete path than when you’re standing on grass.  You can feel a definite difference.

Medications & Interaction Risks of the Sun

Whenever your physician prescribes a medication for you it’s a good idea to ask what effects the purpose of the medication.

You’ll want to know foods that could cause adverse reactions, what other medicines should not be taken with your new drug, and be sure and ask about the effects of the sun before taking any new medication.  

It’s something that not everyone thinks about but it’s very important.

There are certain medications that can cause photosensitive reactions when you are exposed to the sun.  

Such reactions can cause the medication to ‘shut down’.  Other reactions might include rash or an unusual sunburn.

Sun Can Make the Body Ill Quickly

It can only take a matter of minutes before the body is incapacitated by the heat. I had an experience with this a few years ago when my husband and I visited Cathedral Canyon in Nevada.

I got enthralled about taking pictures on a hot summer day in July, wandering through the canyon without water, without eye protection, without a hat - and once I got into the canyon I realized there wasn't anything that provided shade from the sun's super hot rays.

The result?

My husband finally caught up with me and I relayed that I was ill to my stomach. I wouldn't let him carry me because I didn't want him to fall ill, too. So I walked back to the main steps, feeling faint. When I reached the area that led up onto the flatland, I fainted. It was quite scary.

About a week later I almost lost consciousness at the lunch table. This incident taught me a lesson the hard way. Therefore, learn from my stupidity and prosper.

Vitamin D, The Sunshine Vitamin

Vitamin D Has a Big Roll in Metabolism Functions

Exposure to the sun provides the body with Vitamin D, which plays the integral role in maintaining the health and growth of bones.  

Vitamin D is vital to metabolic functions that directly affect the heart, nervous system and eyes.  

Vitamin D plays a regulatory role in the metabolism of calcium.  Unlike water-soluble vitamins, excess Vitamin D is stored in the liver.  

The Sunshine Vitamin

Vitamin D is commonly referred to as the ‘sunshine vitamin’. Hence, because it is formed when the ultraviolet rays of the sun hit the skin, changing a form of cholesterol, which is a precursor of Vitamin D in the skin, into cholecalciferol (D3, as well as other stronger members of the Vitamin D group.  

Therefore, if you use sunscreens regularly, especially older and younger children, supplements of Vitamin D may be required. Perhaps the best supplementary source of Vitamin D is the natural product from fish liver oil. 

Dressing for the Heat

* Choose light colors.  Although dark colors provide more protection they also draw the heat.

* Wear tightly woven clothing; you want to seal out all possible skin surfaces that the rays will attack.

* Don’t forget the hat, a nice wide-brimmed one.

* Choose sunglasses with ultraviolet protective lenses.

* Dress your lips with balm; they fry very quickly!

* Avoid fragrances.  Some can cause photosensitive reactions. 

Exercise Smart in the Heat

* Apply a waterproof sunscreen, not oil-based.

* Dress in light colors.  These reflect the heat better than dark ones.

* Adjust slowly to the heat.

* Always bring along replenishing fluids.

* Wear a hat, apply lip balm and clamp on those shades!

* Try to exercise before ten in the morning and before 4 in the afternoon. Better yet, aim for early morning and cooler evening hours.  Not many things can top a beautiful sunrise or sunset.  These are the times of day that the sun shines best!

The Power of the Sun, Know Your Skin-Type

The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) and the American Academy of Dermatology recognize six skin categories.

Determine your type and know your limitations when under the sun.

Skin Type I

- always burns easily

- never tans

- extremely sun-sensitive skin

- redheaded, freckles, Irish/Scots/Welsh

Skin Type II

- always burns easily

- tans minimally

- very sun-sensitive skin

- fair-skinned, fair-haired, blue-eyed, Caucasian

Skin Type III

- burns sometimes

- tans gradually to light brown

- sun-sensitive skin

- average skin

Skin Type IV

- burns minimally

- always tans to moderate brown

- minimally sun-sensitive

- Mediterranean-type Caucasians

Skin Type V

- rarely burns

- tans well

- sun-insensitive skin

- Middle Eastern, some Hispanics, some African-Americans

Skin Type VI

- never burns

- deeply pigmented

- sun-insensitive skin

- African-Americans 

Which Skin Type Are You?

No matter what your skin type, you should take precautions against the harmful rays of the sun. Even skin that is most resistant to burning will experience damage from the sun's strong rays.

If you are in Skin Type I through Type III you will burn faster than those in the remaining groups.

Tips to Protect Your Body

The Skin

The skin is the largest organ in the human body and when we think about sunburn, we usually think about protecting our skin first and foremost.

Ways that can effectively protect include taking an umbrella along on hot days to protect from the sun's rays. Also, when possible wear a hat. Long sleeved clothing may be necessary, even amid hot weather to protect damage to the skin on the arms. Sunscreens can also assist in blocking some of the sun's harmful rays.

The Eyes

Never look directly into the sun. In addition, wear sunshades which shield the sun's rays.

Symptoms of First Degree Sunburn

How to Tell the Degree of Sunburn

A sunburn can be defined as inflammation of the skin caused by overexposure to the sun.

The ultraviolet rays in the sunlight destroy cells in the outer layer of the skin and damage the tiny blood vessels beneath.  

Sunburn is most common in fair-skinned individuals.

A victim’s affected skin turns red, becomes tender and may blister.  

Several days later the dead skin cells are shed by peeling. In severe cases the sunburn may be accompanied by symptoms of sunstroke such as vomiting, fever and collapse.

Generally, first and second degree are the most common burns.

Symptoms of First Degree Sunburn

- redness

- tenderness

- possible peeling

- heals quickly

- can be painful

Symptoms of Second Degree Sunburn

- medical emergency in some cases

- headache

- chills

- fever

- long-term effect, development of malignant melanoma

How to Treat a Sunburn - Treating a Sunburn

Drink plenty of fluids to hydrate the body.

Calamine lotion or a sunburn cream should be applied to the affected area.

Burned skin should be protected from further sun exposure until healing takes place.

Analgesic drugs may be required to relieve pain.

Noxzema and Unguentine act as cooling agents and may aid itch-relief.

Use Aloe Vera or baby oil to soothe and moisturize your sunburned skin.

Cool Blue helps deaden pain when applied directly to he skin.

 Ask your pharmacist about available antibiotic ointments to speed healing.

Vitamins E and C may speed the healing process.

A person with severe sunburn should consult a physician who may prescribe a cream containing corticosteroid drugs to speed healing.

Home Remedies for Mild Sunburn

A hot shower taken immediately after your burn can speed the peeling process and ease pain.

 Dissolve aspirin; apply directly to skin to ease pain.

 Aromatherapy is a wonderful technique to use to help soothe sunburned skin.  Add 20 drops each of lavender and chamomile essential oils to a bath of cool water and soak for at least ten minutes.

 Milk also makes a fantastic compress that will help ease sunburn pain.  Dip gauze in whole milk and apply to the sunburned areas for about twenty minutes.  Repeat this process every two to four hours.  Be sure to cleanse the milk away after you remove the compress.

 A homeopathy recipe for mild sunburn uses twenty drops of Calendula tincture in four ounces of water; bathe affected skin until pain ceases.  If the skin it itchy, prickly and stinging use a mixture of twenty drops of Urtica urens tincture and four ounces or water to bathe the skin.  You can also take Calendula or Urtica urens every two to three hours as needed.  If skin is swollen and heat sensitive try taking Apis every two to three hours.  These remedies are available in health food stores.

A baking soda bath will soothe sunburn.  Add one cup of baking soda to a tub filled with lukewarm water (94-98 degrees) and soak for thirty minutes to one hour.  Pat dry.

Repairing Hair & Skin Damage From the Sun & Sunburn

Check for products available in your favorite retail store that will restore and hydrate hair.

Your stylist may recommend a hot oil treatment.

Add fish that is rich in omega-3 fatty acids to your diet (salmon, herring).  These will help replenish lost moisture in the hair and skin.

Home Remedies for Sunburn

To make dry hair silky and manageable add six drops each of lavender, bay and sandalwood essential oils to six ounces of warm sesame or soy oil.  

To apply oil, part hair into one-inch sections and apply mixture to scalp with a wad of cotton.

Wrap head in a towel and allow the oils to penetrate the hair for about fifteen minutes. Shampoo twice.

Mix up and apply this fragrant face and body oil:  add ten drops each of the essential oils lavender, Roman chamomile, neroli, rosemary and carrot seed to two ounces of a carrier oil such as almond, olive or sesame.  Apply one a day after your bath or shower while skin is still slightly damp.

Up to two tablespoons of flaxseed oil a day can help replenish hair and skin oils.

An ‘egg’ shampoo will restore luster to damaged hair.

Apply Mayo to damaged hair to restore luster and lost oils.

Respect the power of the sun.  

Protective measures should be taken in order to prevent damage from the powerful ultraviolet rays of the sun, not only during the hotter months, but year-round.  

Know when enough is enough. Listen to your body talk.

It’s a great song and those words just might save you, or someone you love a lot of pain. If you must push yourself, then do so early in the morning and late in the evenings.

Know your skin type and sun tolerance.  

Never go out for longer than twenty minutes at a time without putting on your protective gear: sunscreen, sunshades, lip balm and your broad-rimmed hat.

Be responsible. Teach your children about the powerful effects of the sun.  

Amazingly, 80% of skin damage occurs before the age of 18.  

Be their ‘watchdog’ whenever you take them out into the rays.  Small children, as well as animals, are incapable of conveying how the heat is effecting them.

Consider your health.  

Be aware of the effects the sun may have on any medications you are taking as well as any health ailments you may have.

We’ve covered the basics of the rays, the evil they can cause and some treatments that everyone can use just in case someone falls through the cracks. However - remember that prevention is your best mode of protection.

Now it’s time to apply our knowledge and best of all, to have fun in the sun.

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